Iro organization

The Mistake of Not Having a State Police

Continuation from yesterday

No police force other than the Nigeria Police Force shall be established for Nigeria or any part thereof.

5. The Legislature may provide, in case of emergency, police forces forming part of the armed forces of the Federation, or for the protection of ports, waterways, railways and airfields.

6. There shall be an Inspector General of Nigerian Police and a Commissioner of Police for each State of the Federation, whose offices shall be Civil Service Offices of the Federation.

7. The Nigeria Police is under the command of the Inspector General of Nigeria Police.

8. The President or such other Minister of the Federation Government as may be authorized for that purpose by the President may give such directions to the Inspector General of Nigerian Police in relation to the maintenance and guarantee of public safety. and public order. he deems necessary and the Inspector General complies with these directives or has them complied with.

9. Subject to subsection (3) above, a state commissioner of police shall comply with the instructions of the state governor or such other commissioner of the state government as may be authorized to do so. by the Governor with respect to the maintenance and guarantee of public security and public order within the State or to enforce them; provided that before executing such instructions, the Commissioner may request that the matter be referred to the President or such other Commissioner of the Government of the Federation as authorized for that purpose by the President for his directions.

10. Subject to (3) and (4) above, the local authority area police command shall comply with the instructions of the local area authority with respect to maintaining and securing public safety and public order in the local authority area. . Provided that before executing such directions the local police command may request that the matter be referred to the governor of the state or such other commissioner of the state government as may be authorized for that purpose by the governor for his instructions.

11. There shall be a Police Council of Nigeria, consisting of: (a) The President (b) The Governors of the States (c) The Inspector General of Police (d) The Attorney General of the Federation (e) Chairman of the Federation Police Services Board.

The Inspector General of Nigeria Police attends meetings of the Nigeria Police Council and, except for voting purposes, may take part in the work of the Council.

12. The policy, organization and administration of the Nigeria Police Force and all other matters relating thereto (excluding the use and operational control of the force of appointment, disciplinary control and dismissal of members of the force) will be under the overall supervision of the Nigeria Police Council.

13. The President shall ensure that the Police Council of Nigeria is kept fully informed of matters under his supervision and that the Council is provided with such information as the Council may require regarding any particular matter under his supervision.

14. The Police Council of Nigeria may make recommendations to the Government of the Federation regarding any matter under its supervision, and if in any case the Government acts otherwise than in accordance with such recommendations, it shall make a statement containing such recommendation and its reasons for acting otherwise than in accordance with this recommendation shall be submitted to the National Assembly”.

And that is why Chief Rotimi Williams, in his November 1, 1977 speech, did not include the creation of the state police when he presented his bill to the Constituent Assembly presided over by Judge Egbert Udo Udoma ((June 21, 1917 – February 2, 1998), who served as Uganda’s Chief Justice from 1963 to 1969. The regimes of President Shehu Usman Aliyu Shagari GCFR (February 25, 1925 – December 28, 2018), Turakin Sokoto , Major General Muhammadu Buhari GCFR (79 years old), General Ibrahim Babangida (80 years old) GCFR, Chief Ernest Adegunle Oladeinde Shonekan GCFR (9 May 1936 – 11 January 2022, General Sani Abacha GCFR (20 September 1943 – 8 June 1993) and General Abdusalam Abubakar GCFR (80 years old) did not create the State Police.

After his inauguration as President on May 29, 199, President Olusegun Obasanjo GCFR then set up a Presidential Committee on the 1999 Constitution Review. The Committee was inaugurated on behalf of President Obasanjo by his Attorney General and Minister Justice at the time, Chief Kanu Agabi (76 years old). The committee which was later headed by Chief Clement David Ebri (69), former Governor of Cross River State, submitted its reports to President Olusegun Obasanjo GCFR on 28 February 2001, unfortunately the committee did not recommended the creation of a state police.

Prominent committee members were Chief Ayo Adebanjo, Chief Ayo Opadokun, Chief Barnabas Gemade, Chief AK Horsfall, Alhaji Iro Abubakar Dan Musa, Chief Arthur Nwankwo, Lawyer Adeniyi Akintola, Chief Solomon Asemota (SAN) , Mrs. Ayoka Lawani and others.

What the committee recommended was this: “Two positions were sought from Nigerians on whether or not to allow states to establish and maintain their police. Proponents of a separate policy for the states based their demand on the strong ground that it was consistent with federal practice.

The arrangement, they argued, allowed the federated states to effectively maintain law and order, especially during other social upheavals such as intercommunal riots, youth unrest, riots and ethnic militancy. without the often costly delays to obtain federal approval by the Commissioner of Police. e sheep that a state governor has so ordered/requested.

The management of the various inter-municipal upheavals in the various states of the federation since the beginning of the current democratic governance left much to be desired. This, many believed, was due to the provision in Section 215(4) of the Constitution which bars a Governor from exercising his power as Chief of State Security.

To be continued tomorrow